Tuesday, March 29, 2011

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CD4066 - Water Level Indicator With Alarm

This circuit is used to indicate the amount of water present in the overhead tank. Not only that, but this circuit also gives an alarm when the tank is full. CD4066 is used to indicate the level of the water through LEDs.


CD4066 - Water Level Indicator With Alarm


The circuit uses the widely available CD4066, bilateral switch CMOS IC to indicate the water level through LEDs. When the water is empty the wires in the tank are open circuited and the 180K resistors pulls the switch low hence opening the switch and LEDs are OFF. As the water starts filling up, first the wire in the tank connected to S1 and the + supply are shorted by water. This closes the switch S1 and turns the LED1 ON.

As the water continues to fill the tank, the LEDs2 , 3 and 4 light up gradually. The no. of levels of indication can be increased to 8 if 2 CD4066 ICs are used in a similar fashion. When the water is full, the base of the transistor BC148 is pulled high by the water and this saturates the transistor, turning the buzzer ON. The SPST switch has to be opened to turn the buzzer OFF. Remember to turn the switch ON while pumping water otherwise the buzzer will not sound!

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