Thursday, August 16, 2012

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12V to 220V Inverter Using 2n3055 Transistor

Here is a simple 12 V to 220V inverter for using a small aplications in the absence of mains supply. It uses eight transistors and a few resistors and capacitors. Transistors T1 and T2 form an astable multivibrator that produces 50Hz signal. The complementary outputs from the collectors of transistors T1 and T2 are fed to pnp Darlington driver stages formed by transistor pairs T3-T5 and T4-T6. The outputs from the drivers are fed to transistors 2N3055 (T7 and T8) connected for push-pull operation.
Circuit Of 12V to 220V Inverter Using 2n3055 Transistor

A 230V AC primary to 12VCT/4.5A secondary transformer is used. The centre-tapped terminal of the secondary of the transformer is connected to the battery (12V, 7Ah), while the other two terminals of the secondary are connected to the collectors of power transistors T7 and T8, respectively.

When you power the circuit using switch S1, transformer X1 produces 230V AC at its primary terminal. This voltage can be used to heat your soldering iron. Assemble the circuit on a general purpose PCB and house in a suitable cabinet. Connect the battery and transformer with suitable current-carrying wires. On the front panel of the box, fit power switch S1 and a 3-pin socket for connecting the soldering iron.

Use suitable heat-sinks for transistors T5 through T8.

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