Wednesday, August 22, 2012

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LDR Light / Dark Activated Relay Switch

This is a simple Light / Dark Activated Relay  circuit with the base of the LDR. The voltage divider has two resistors. The first is the 100K potentiometer plus the protective 1K resistor. the second resistor is the LDR.
LDR Light / Dark Activated Relay Circuit
As light falls on the surface of the LDR, the LDR changes it's resistance. The more the light, the less the resistance of the LDR, the less the resistance, the less the voltage drop across it. The less the light, the more the resistance and thus the more the voltage drop across it.

As the voltage drop increases, so does the VB of the 2N2222 transistor and therefore the ICE increases accordingly, until the time that the current is enough to actuate the relay.

The amount of light needed to actuate the relay can be changed by changing the 100K potentiometer. Basically, any change to the potentiometer will have an effect to the voltage drop of the LDR, as they are both members of the voltage divider described above.

The 1N4001 diode is used to eliminate any back voltage when the relay is disarmed. It is very important to have this diode because without it, the transistor may be damaged.

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